Isam al Khafaji is an Iraqi scholar and writer. He has taught at the University of Amsterdam, New York University, and Yale University. He has also advised the UNDP on Syria and the UN on Iraq. An adjunct scholar at the Middle East Institute in Washington DC, and contributing editor of Middle East Report, Washington DC, al Khafaji is the author of five books in English and Arabic and numerous papers, articles and chapters in English and Arabic, many of which have been translated into other languages. He holds a PhD in Social Sciences, and a PhD in Economics.