In the spotlight
Flagship ARI project
The re-establishment of security is an essential condition to the restoration of trust between different sections of society after a conflict. In such contexts, the reconstruction of security institutions is a major issue in diverse societies. Focussing on Iraq, Libya, Syria and Yemen, the project aims to: Analyse the governance of security institutions and their behaviour; Define the bases on which these institutions can be restructured as well as the link between politics and security; Reflect on the organisation of the post-conflict political transition and determine the provisional or permanent measures to implement in the security sphere.
November 2015, Ghazi Dahman
Southern Syria is vulnerable to both the external and also internal forces threatening it today. A traditional region where tribal and family loyalties matter, it is also torn by sectarian loyalties. Neighbouring countries have sought to influence the population and put pressure on an already unstable situation, as Ghazi Dahman writes.
October 2015, Lina Khatib
The increase in Russia’s involvement in Syria that began in the summer of 2015 is a significant shift in the trajectory of the conflict. While it may be good news for the Assad regime and for Russia’s interests in the short term, this will not necessarily be the case in the long term for either of them. And while Russia’s military intervention carries the handprints of Tehran, it is also not in Iran’s long-term interest. What began as a way for Moscow to assert itself politically is likely to turn out to be both Iran’s and Russia’s quagmire in the Middle East.
October 2015, Bassma Kodmani
Russian President Putin has decided that Syria is part of Russia’s near abroad, no less than Ukraine it seems, a territory where some vital national interests are at stake. He has predicted the fecklessness of Western powers well. Whether he is deploying his arsenal in Syria to fight Daesh or to bolster Assad, by moving massive military presence into Syria he has made himself the one player that counts and has put himself in a position to call the shots. He does not have a strategy to end the conflict. But he has one that he thinks will guarantee Russia’s influence in this pivotal country while the West has no strategy to confront him.