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In the spotlight

Tunisia’s 2011 revolution removed the Ben Ali regime but did not overthrow the country’s security institutions. Reforming these institutions will be an integral part of the larger process of constitutional and political reform for the country.
July 2014, Ahmed Abd Rabou
This paper by Ahmed Abd Rabou shows how Egypt's June 2014 legislative election law endangers the functioning of Egypt’s political parties and parliament. Rabou outlines an alternative electoral system that would protect political space for political parties and the parliament while maintaining constitutional benefits for women, Christians and other groups.
July 2014, Nacer Djabi
Abdelaziz Bouteflika, despite ill health and the belief of many Algerians that the 2014 elections would be an opportunity for change, used his carefully crafted connections in state institutions, private business, the media, and across the political landscape to win support for his fourth term as president of Algeria.
June 2014, Félix Legrand
Understanding the nature of ISIS’s integration into the Syrian political and social fabric is essential for the development of a realistic and efficient strategy to curb the expansion and the consolidation of the jihadist state currently under construction in Iraq and Syria.
April 2014, Michael Robbins
A recent analysis of three public opinion surveys conducted as part of the Arab Barometer from 2006 to 2013 reveals that only a minority of citizens have positive evaluations of the government or the state of democracy in their country.
Two articles on the status of the institutions of the Armed Forces, the police and the judiciary in the 2014 Egyptian constitution and the decline in mechanisms of accountability and oversight.
Despite the passage of more than three years since the outbreak of the revolution in Egypt, attempts to reform police and military institutions – or to develop democratic civilian rule – have not borne the desired fruit.
This e-book from the Arab Reform Initiative features ten essays addressing the challenges of constitutional reform during times of political transition.