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Education Policies in Morocco: Can the Government Fix What It Broke?

Policy Alternatives
Education Policies in Morocco: Can the Government Fix What It Broke?Download Publication
After years of failed efforts to effectively reform the education sector, Morocco must now ensure a comprehensive reshaping of its institutions in order to allow for a true implementation of its reform programme. These institutions must be strengthened to provide protection for citizens and reignite their trust in the national education system, says Moroccan researcher Rachid Aourraz in a new paper published by the Arab Reform Initiative.
In his paper titled “Education Policies in Morocco: Can the Government Fix What It Broke?”, Aourraz uses an institutional lens to examine the capacity of the Moroccan government to effectively reform the education sector after decades of failure and inadequate policies.
The paper argues that as the guardian of the country’s institutional framework, the Moroccan government controls all aspects of society and is, therefore, responsible for the failure of education system. Despite some minor advances, Morocco’s education policies have been tremendously unsuccessful. 
According to various national reports and assessment studies, schools are lagging behind, resources wasted and scientific research in educational institutions remains limited. University graduates struggle to integrate economically, socially, and culturally into society as Moroccan schools tend to be isolated from the larger national and global contexts and have not evolved or adopted new technologies.
In the context of the existing institutional framework, it is not at all certain that the government authorities are capable of repairing what they themselves have broken: those responsible for implementing the new reforms are part of the fragmented institutional framework.
Therefore, reforming education in Morocco must first begin by reforming the larger institutional framework within which it operates. In other words, all the government’s main institutions as well as its economic and political policies must first be reviewed before lasting positive changes can be implemented in the education sector. 

Photo: Moroccan student teachers protest against police violence and government-proposed cuts to education jobs, Rabat, January 2016, © EPA.