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Research Papers

The Evolution of Morocco’s Human Rights Movement
Mohamed Kadiri tackles the evolution of the human rights movement through studying the context and conditions under which human rights actors appeared and the influences that shaped their development, current challenges and could dictate their prospects.
Mohamed Kadiri
National Reconciliation and Protection of Minorities
In this new research paper, ARI’s Deputy Director, Salam Kawakibi analyses the Assad regime’s exploitation of sectarian and confessional divisions and deconstructs the myths used in its political rhetoric to gain power and present itself as the ultimate line of defence for minorities.
Salam Kawakibi
Civil-Military Relations in the Middle East
At a time of protracted transition in Egypt, Ahmed Abd Rabou offers an alternative that calls for self-learning, negotiation and engagement from civilians, politicians and security actors.
Ahmed Abd Rabou
Student activism in post-2011 Egypt: understanding a contentious arena in a fluctuating context
Student activism in post-2011 Egypt: understanding a contentious arena in a fluctuating context
Research focusing on non-formal political and social stakeholders/activists has been generally side-lined as a subject of political, sociological, and economic studies in the Arab world. This has been the case since the emergence of these sub-fields in the post-independence period of the 1960s, as Arab universities and research centres were founding their academic fields, until today. The exception that confirmed the rule was the Marxist approaches that succeeded in fostering a small but steady number of research groups interested mainly in workers’ and labor movements, and in particular unions, or in rural sociology as a reflection of the expression of class struggle within Arab societies.
Farah Ramzy
Social Movements and Mechanisms of Mass Organisation and Protest
Social Movements and Mechanisms of Mass Organisation and Protest
Research focusing on non-formal political and social stakeholders/activists has been generally side-lined as a subject of political, sociological, and economic studies in the Arab world. This has been the case since the emergence of these sub-fields in the post-independence period of the 1960s, as Arab universities and research centres were founding their academic fields, until today. The exception that confirmed the rule was the Marxist approaches that succeeded in fostering a small but steady number of research groups interested mainly in workers’ and labor movements, and in particular unions, or in rural sociology as a reflection of the expression of class struggle within Arab societies.
Ahmed A. Hameed Hussien
Standards of Disability in Arab Society
Standards of Disability in Arab Society
Until recently, people with disabilities in the Arab world have lived largely in the shadows, a silent sector lacking the opportunity to express their demands or discuss their needs. There are no medical, social, economic, legal, or political mechanisms in the region for discussing how disability is defined, or effectively explaining who disabled individuals are; this ambiguity in standards, which allows people to be divided into healthy and unhealthy categories, act as a mechanism of veiled oppression.
Maher Akhttiar
Iraq between Popular Momentum and Frozen Reforms
Since the end of July 2015 a major popular uprising has erupted in Iraq’s provinces – aside from the territories under the control of the so-called Islamic State (IS) and the Kurdish provinces. This protest movement, deemed to be the largest secular popular movement challenging the post-2003 political order in Iraq, has largely departed from the narrow sectarian paradigm that has so far monopolised the analysis of Iraqi politics. This paper examines the uprising’s actors, its slogans, its internal dynamics/organisational structure, and the Iraqi government’s frenetic response to popular demands.
Chérine Chams El-Dine

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