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Research Papers

Governance of Diversity in Syria
Governance of Diversity in Syria
The image of Syria in the past was of a country where citizens enjoyed their diversity. However, tensions did surface from time to time. Regardless of the outcome, the current crisis in Syria is a historic opportunity to put an end to the mismanagement of diversity and to reach a new social compact.
Hassan Abbas
The Military and the Constitution: The Cases of Algeria, Pakistan and Turkey
The Military and the Constitution: The Cases of Algeria, Pakistan and Turkey
In a context of democratic transition, relations between civilians and the military and the way they are organized by the basic texts deserve particular attention.The Algerian, Pakistani and Turkish experiences constitute interesting points of reference when it comes to examining the relations between civilians and the military.
Virginie Collombier
Governance of Religious Diversity: The Copts of Egypt as Example
Governance of Religious Diversity: The Copts of Egypt as Example
This study examines the governance of religious diversity in Egypt, from public policy perspective, through revisiting different problems and the solutions adopted, and proposing programmatic solutions in light of recent developments in the religious domain, especially that Egypt is passing through a new stage of history following the January 25, 2011 Revolution.
Samir Morcos
Sameh Fawzi
Reform of the Security Sector in Yemen
Reform of the Security Sector in Yemen
Security sector reform in Yemen requires bringing an end to the plurality of competing apparatuses and creating effective legislative, judicial and civil society oversight over the sector. Interference of the security apparatus in political life has to be prevented.
Mohamed Al-Mekhlafi
Abdul Kafi al Rahabi
The Army and the Constitution in Egypt: The Current State of Affairs
The Army and the Constitution in Egypt: The Current State of Affairs
The army controls the use of effective force, as well as being, by law, the country’s largest land-owner. State officials cannot even sell or allocate land without its consent. On the other hand, the military obeys the President, the commander in chief of the armed forces, with the power to go to war, appoint and make decisions.
Tewfick Aclimandos
British Colonial Policies: Sowing the Seeds of Contemporary Middle Eastern Security Sectors?
British Colonial Policies: Sowing the Seeds of Contemporary Middle Eastern Security Sectors?
Arab security sectors across the Middle East today appear to share a number of generally negative characteristics. These common characteristics are frequently attributed to the role played by the colonial powers during their formation in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Jessica Watkins
Participatory Democracy in Brazil: constitutional guarantees, innovations and challenges
Participatory Democracy in Brazil: constitutional guarantees, innovations and challenges
This article aims to present the evolution of social participation in Brazil through a historical overview of constitutional guarantees, since these comprise the foundation of the institutional structures necessary for participatory governance. The role of social movements in Brazilian democratization is also emphasized, recognizing the innovations and challenges (generated by the diffusion of public spaces) that accompany new social and political practices.
Clóvis Henrique Leite de Souza

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