While the Arab awakening has impacted the political economies of Arab states differently, the message that state-business relations can no longer afford to rely on pre-existing models of business advocacy has reverberated across the regi
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For the political transitions underway in the Arab world, different lessons may be drawn from experiences of countries that have passed through democratic transitions.
Tunisia’s 2011 revolution removed the Ben Ali regime but did not overthrow the country’s security institutions.
Despite the passage of more than three years since the outbreak of the revolution in Egypt, attempts to reform police and military institutions – or to develop democratic civilian rule – have not borne the desired fruit.