The construction of stable, accountable civil-military relations is essential for the transition to democracy, but this re-balancing of power relations can be very difficult to achieve while also guaranteeing public security. From 2011 to 2014, ARI analysed the challenges and options for protecting public security and handling security sector reform (SSR) during transition focusing in particular on Egypt, Libya, Syria and Tunisia.
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In December 2011, ARI launched the Arab Research Support Programme (ARSP), which aimed to promote through financial grants quality research in Arab countries in order to guide policy debates and empower individuals and new institutions. In the first round of the ARSP, a total 28 individual researchers and 9 organisations were funded through the programme.
The Arab Research Support Programme II supports 56 scholars from across the Arab world and gives priority to innovative, evidence-based research related to the democratic transitions in the region.