Country Reports

Comprehensive critical assessment of the state of reform in a specific country, reviewing the pattern and pace of the process. This is done via connecting social, economic, political, cultural and security-related aspects.

January 2010
by Karam Karam, Myriam Catusse

On November 5th 1989, at Taef, a “National Reconciliation Accord” was signed with the goal of the civil war that Lebanon had been experiencing for fifteen years. The members of the 1972 parliament approved the text that took force of constitutional law in 1990, being cited in the preamble to the constitution and introducing amendments to the text.

April 2008
by Haydar Ibrahim Ali

Political thought in Sudan generally avoids the issue of reform, since the very notion falls short of the political and developmental ambitions the country has harboured since independence, in 1956.

April 2008

Monarchy in Morocco is a sacred institution and plays the role of arbitrator. It is a key actor as well as a key factor in the reform process. The current monarchy’s political reform policies are always presented as a continuation of what has already been achieved, respectively Hassan II’s social reforms followed Mohammad V’s steps to independence. Today, the host of reform domains and aspects compels the monarchy to present the situation as a comprehensive scenario in many episodes (administrative, legal, economic, civil status, educational and religious). It appears clearly in the monarchy’s “Social Project”. The declared aim of this project is to build “a modern society whose objective is to foster a state based on the rule of law; renew, upgrade and modernise administrative methods; restore the dignity of social and environmental solidarity, activate the role of civil society, revive economic development, and encourage public and private investments.” It also aims to “launch a comprehensive development process and an economic process that aims at employment opportunities for the younger; raise the standard of rural areas, of various sectors of society and underprivileged areas, and rehabilitate human resources.”